One of the most relevant aspects of the structure of an essay is signposting: giving clear indications about the content of your essay not just in the introduction, but in every section. Imagine you were giving indications to a driver to prevent them from getting lost: that is the function of signposting language. That way, your essay will be much easier to read, much clearer. Here you have a more detailed explanation.
You can find below some possible expressions you can use to that effect:
You can also have a look at these links, especially the first one, a very thorough guide to academic writing:
- Queen’s University (Belfast)-
- Signposting words– Canterbury Christ Church University
As an exercise, you can read these two sample essays (argumentative and discursive).
Can you highlight….?
- any signposting language you can find.
- the linking words you can find to join paragraphs and to join sentences within paragraphs.
- WOW language (grammar and vocabulary which stand out as really good).
- any other positive aspects that may call your attention.
You can find below the same essays with some of these aspects highlighted:
- WAGOLL (What a Good One Looks Like)- A- argumentative- annotated version
- WAGOLL (What a Good One Looks Like)- B-discursive- annotated version
- Useful expressions for essays
- Expressions you can use when writing an opinion essay (B2-C1)
- How to improve your writing tasks (B2-C1)
- linking words for writing tasks (B2-C2)
- words to avoid in a writing task: people, thing, good, bad (B2-C1)
- tools to check whether language sounds natural or not, and improve the level of a production
- online collocation dictionaries