At B2 / C1 level, you may be required to either write a discursive essay or come up with a discursive topic presentation, that is, a topic which presents two sides of the argument, that can be debated…You can read more about it, and about the difference between discursive and argumentative essays here.
You can find support for many pro/con discussions here: https://www.procon.org/
You can find below some more ideas for controversial topics, which may inspire debates and discussions:
- Should female dress codes be enforced in the workplace?
- School dress codes vs. students’ freedom to choose their look
- Should 16-year-olds be given the right to vote?
- Should people work into their seventies, given that life expectancy is rising?
- Should takeaways/ fast food shops near schools be banned?
- Why ban fast food within 400m of schools?
- Chef says ban on takeaways near schools is ‘inherently racist
- Should electric scooters be allowed on the pavement?
- Where can electric scooters be ridden in the UK?
- UK’s e-scooter road ban set to end
- Should rough sleepers be allowed to squat in disused buildings during the cold spells?
By reading and / or listening to those materials, you will gain access to vocabulary and expressions you can use to discuss the topics, which will make your productions sound / read more cultured, as well as help you sustain your arguments in a clearer way.
- useful expressions when writing an essay (B2)
- useful expressions when writing an essay (C1)
- Ideas to prepare your ISE III topic presentation (C1)
- Top tips for your ISE III topic presentation (C1)